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After You Publish: Knowledge Translation

What is Knowledge Translation?

Formally, knowledge translation is defined by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research as a dynamic and iterative process that includes the synthesis, dissemination, exchange and ethically sound application of knowledge to improve health, provide more effective health services and products, and strengthen the health care system...  Educational interventions (e.g., audit and feedback, journal clubs) are a strategy for implementing knowledge. But the audience for knowledge translation is larger than the health care professionals targeted for continuing medical education or professional development.

- Straus SE, Tetroe J, Graham I. Defining knowledge translation. CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne. 2009;181(3-4):165-8.

Knowledge to Action

Knowledge Translation Action Cycle diagram

"Certain milestones have been identified as necessary in bridging the Knowledge to Action gap. For practical purposes, these milestones are described as a series of steps in a cycle. Stakeholders are different from one another in terms of the steps they have taken across the Knowledge to Action Cycle."


Engebretsen E, Sandset TJ, Ødemark J. Expanding the knowledge translation metaphor. Health research policy and systems. 2017;15(1):19.

Straus SE, Tetroe JM, Graham ID. Knowledge translation is the use of knowledge in health care decision making. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 2011;64(1):6-10.

Books from UHN Libraries

Cover image for Translation and Social Media Communication in the Age of the Pandemic
Cover image of Knowledge Translation in Health Care
Cover image for Translation of Evidence Into Nursing and Health Care, Second Edition