Copyright is the legal "right to copy" a work.The Copyright Act of Canada bars others not primarily involved in the creation of the work from claiming, profiting from, and distributing it.
The Conditions for Copyright are as follows:
Copyright protection often extends to fifty years after the death of the creator in Canada. After copyright on a work expires, it becomes part of the public domain.
The Copyright Act states that a certificate of registration of copyright is evidence that copyright exists and that the person registered is the owner of the copyright. However, the Copyright Office is not responsible for policing or checking on registered works and how people use them. It also cannot guarantee that the legitimacy of ownership or the originality of a work will never be questioned.
To file for Copyright, authors must visit the CIPO (Canadian Intellectual Property Office). The CIPO website has online forms and databases that allow users to search for copyrights, register a copyright, and even transfer ownership. It also lays out the conditions/circumstances for copyright.
Plagiarism is the act or practice of knowingly copying, pirating or claiming another's primary work, idea or research. Plagiarism also includes indirectly failing to give credit for collected evidence and research that is not the primary work of the author.
While plagiarism may not always be deliberate, in practice, and on principle, it is frowned upon in academia and research, and can lead to the loss of credibility, employment, and may even have legal and financial repercussions.
For more information on Research Integrity and UHN Policies: Publication Ethics.