Critical appraisal is the careful analysis of studies to determine their relative value. The Institute of Medicine's Standards for Systematic Reviews includes Standard 3.6: “Critically appraise each study:
3.6.1 Systematically assess the risk of bias, using predefined criteria
3.6.2 Assess the relevance of the study’s populations, interventions, and outcome measures
3.6.3 Assess the fidelity of the implementation of interventions”
See also: What is Critical Appraisal?
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