Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been increasingly utilized in the management of mental health conditions. This first review of a two-part series evaluates the efficacy, mechanism, and safety of mindfulness meditation for mental health conditions frequently seen after return from deployment. Standard databases were searched until August 4, 2015. 52 systematic reviews and randomized clinical trials were included.
Adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) display affective problems and impaired attention. Mood in ADHD can be improved by mindful awareness practices (MAP), but results are mixed regarding the enhancement of attentional performance. Here we evaluated MAP-induced changes in quality of life (QoL), mood, and attention in adult ADHD patients and controls using more measures of attention than prior studies. [...] MAP enhanced sustained attention (ANT) and detectability (CPT II) and improved mood and QoL of patients and controls. [...] MAP is a complementary intervention that improves affect and attention of adults with ADHD and controls.
Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) is a strong early predictor of Alzheimer’s disease, is associated with significant health and neuropsychiatric burden, and may represent a critical therapeutic window for intervention. However, adults with SCD rarely seek medical care.•Although simple home-based mind-body therapies such as meditation and music listening may hold promise for improving outcomes this population, studies are lacking.•In this feasibility study of community-dwelling older adults with SCD, enrollment was robust, retention and compliance in both groups were excellent, and satisfaction with both programs was high.•These findings suggest that these simple home-based mind-body therapies were well-accepted and the practices are feasible for older adults experiencing early memory loss.